The House of Commons has 650 Members of Parliament (Mps), who are elected directly by the people.
The House of Lords has over 1000 members, who are not elected, but are members of the nobility, bishops, judges, and people chosen by the Prime Minister.
The Prime Minister chooses about 20 ministers to the Cabinet.
Scotland is a historically and culturally separate country from England. It has its own legal and educational system and currency. The biggest city is Glasgow and the capital is Edinburgh.
Legislative and Executive Powers, Political Parties
The Constitution of the UK is unwritten; it is based on custom, tradition and common law.
The main body is Parliament. It consists of the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
British parliamentary system is one of the oldest in the world (13th century) The Prime Minister appoints a team of main ministers as the Cabinet. There are two main political parties: the Labour Party (left) and the Conservative Party (right).